Paintings representing the poodle date as far back as the 13th century. The exact country of origin is not known, but many people feel the breed may have come from Germany. The name “poodle” comes from the German “pudein,” which roughly translates to “splash about in the water.” The original purpose of the breed was a water retriever.
Soon after development in Germany, the poodle quickly became very popular in France and was known as the “caniche,” or “duck dog.” The breed is considered their national dog breed.
The poodle comes in three different varieties: Standard, Miniature, and Toy. However, the only difference is in the size. The Standard and Miniature poodles are classified in the Non-Sporting group by the American Kennel Club. The Toy poodle is classified in the Toy Breed group.
The Standard poodle is the oldest of the three sizes and was originally used to retrieve ducks in cold water. Soon after, the Miniature and Toy were developed. The Toy poodle, the smallest variety, was well-established in England by the 18th century and was commonly used in circuses and floor shows as dancing dogs. The Miniature and Toy poodle were also used for hunting and digging for truffles in French forests.
Although they come in different sizes, the shape and appearance of the breed is the same. The poodle has a long head and muzzle with long, flat, and wide hanging ears. The chest is deep and the tail is set high. Typically, the tail is docked when young.
The hair coat of the poodle is curly and dense with a fine, woolly texture and requires daily grooming. There are four common hair clips for the poodle. The most common cut is the “puppy” cut, which is given to all ages of poodles. Another cut is the “sporting” cut, for the active poodle. For the show ring, the “English Saddle” or “Continental” version is typically performed.
The Standard poodle stands over 15 inches at the shoulder and weighs around 45 pounds. The Miniature poodle stands 10 to 15 inches at the shoulder and weighs around 20 pounds. The Toy poodle stands under10 inches at the shoulder and weighs around 10 pounds.
The poodle is a pleasant dog that loves constant company. The dog hates to be alone and prefers the company of people instead of other dogs. The breed also hates to be ignored and does not like being thought of or treated as “just a dog.”
Home and Family Relations
Despite being excellent water dogs, poodles also do well as family protectors and companions. They make excellent pets for children as well as the elderly, and they can adapt to a variety of environments.
The poodle is an excellent swimmer and also does well on land. The breed is very intelligent and thought by many to be the most intelligent of all breeds. They learn quickly and readily, although some dogs tend to enjoy pleasing people by doing tricks instead of learning commands. Poodles have been trained successfully in obedience, hunting, and even as guard dogs.
The hair coat of the poodle requires daily care and grooming. The intelligent nature of the dog leads some to mischief if left alone for an extended period of time.